前言

搜索频率时偶然发现航空气象资料的播报,整理了一下相关资料,本人非航空相关行业,文章可能存在错误,还请指正。

VOLMET介绍

VOLMET(Meteorological Information for Aircraft in Flight)是在HF上用话音来播报机场气象预报,每次播报仅5分钟,每小时按顺序播报。

接收信号

在国际民航组织我们查看到一篇2020年的会议记录[1],里面包含了需要报告天气信息的机场、频率、时间等信息。

以下表格,小写字母表示需要必须报告的,大写字母表示需要预报。

例如表1中,我们可以看到在每小时的15分~20分和45分~50分,香港机场会发射信号,播报列表内机场的天气信息。

以下表格维护于2021-10-02,仅供参考。

太平洋地区 频率 2863, 6679, 8828, 13282 kHz
TokyoHong Kong Auckland
10-15
40-45
15-20
45-50
20-25 50-55
Tokyo (Narita)
Tokyo (Haneda)
Sapporo
Nagoya (Chubu Centrair)
Osaka (Kansai)
Fukuoka
Incheon


TOKYO (NARITA)
OSAKA (KANSAI)
Hong Kong
Naha
Taibei
Gaoxiong
Manila
Mactan
Guangzhou


HONG KONG
Auckland
Christchurch
Wellington
Nadi
Faleolo *
Noumea
Rarotonga *
Tahiti

NADI
NOUMEA
Auckland
Christchurch
Wellington
Nadi
Faleolo *
Noumea
Pago Pago *
Tahiti

AUCKLAND
CHRISTCHURCH
太平洋地区 频率 2863, 6679, 8828, 13282KHz
Honolulu
10-15
40-45
15-20
45-50
25-30
50-55
Honolulu
Hilo
Kahului
Agana




SIGMET

HONOLULU
HILO
AGANA
San Francisco
Los Angeles
Seattle
Portland
Sacramento
Ontario
Las Vegas

SIGMET

SAN FRANCISCO
SEATTLE
LOS ANGELES
Anchorage
Fairbanks
King Salmon
Elmendorf
Cold Bay
Vancouver


SIGMET

ANCHORAGE
FAIRBANKS
VANCOUVER
COLD BAY
亚洲地区 频率 2965, 6676, 11387 kHz
Brisbane Kolkata Bangkok Karachi Singapore Mumbai
00-05
30-35
05-10
35-40
10-15
40-45
15-20
45-50
20-25
50-55
25-30
55-60
Sydney
Brisbane
Cairns
Melbourne
Townsville
Adelaide
Darwin
Perth
Kolkata
Delhi
Dhaka
Yangon
Kathmandu




KOLKATA
DELHI
HO-CHI-MINH
Bangkok
Yangon
Ha Noi
Ho-Chi-Minh
Phnom-Penh
Utapao
Vientiane


BANGKOK
YANGON
Karachi
Islamabad
Lahore
Delhi
Mumbai




KARACHI
LAHORE
MUMBAI
DELHI
SINGAPORE
Singapore
Sebang
Jakarta
Kuching
Brunei
Kota Kinabalu
Denpasar
Penang

20-25
SINGAPORE
KUALA LUMPUR
50-55
SINGAPORE
JAKARTA
Mumbai
Ahmadabad
Chennai
Colombo
Karachi
Male



MUMBAI
COLOMBO
MALE
亚洲地区 频率 3458, 5673, 8849, 13285 kHz
Guangzhou Beijing
00-05
30-35
05-10
35-40
10-15
40-45
15-20
45-50
20-25
50-55
25-30
55-60
Xianmen Guangzhou
Nanning






GUANGZHOU
Changsha
Chengdu
Kunming
Wuhan




CHENGDU
Beijing
Harbin
Dalian
Shenyang
Hohhot
Taiyuan
Tianjin

BEIJING
Hangzhou
Shanghai






SHANGHAI
Lanzhou
Xian
Urumqi





XIAN
欧洲地区 / 亚洲地区 频率 3461, 4663, 5676, 10090, 13279 kHz
Tashkent Novosibirsk Khabarovsk Moskva
05-10 10-15 15-20 25-30
TASHKENT
ALMA-ATA

Tashkent
Alma-Ata
Dushanbe
Samarkand
Aktyubinsk
NOVOSIBIRSK
KHAVAROVSK

Novosibirsk
Khabarovsk
Irkutsk
KHAVAROVSK
IRKUTSK

Khabarovsk
Novosibirsk
Irkutsk
Chita
Vladivostok
MOSKVA/SHEREME
KIEV
RYAZAN
ULAANBAATOR
35-40 40-45 45-50 55-60
DUSHANBE
SAMARKAND
AKTYUBINSK

Tashkent
Alma-Ata
Dushanbe
Samarkand
Aktyubinsk
IRKUTSK



Novosibirsk
Khabarovsk
Irkutsk
CHITA
NOVOSIBIRSK


Khabarovsk
Novosibirsk
Irkutsk
Chita
MOSKVA/VNUKOVO
LENINGRAD


Moskva/Sheremetyevo
Moskva/Vnukovo
Kyiv
Leningrad
Ryazan

解读信息

由于没办法上传语音,我这面将接收的消息用文字来体现,以下是2021-10-02 15:30(GMT+8) 香港机场的天气情况。

Hong Kong 0730 wind 160 degree 11 north visibility 10 kilometer or more cloud few 2800 ft temperature 32 dewpoint 22 QNH 1009

0730为UTC时间,其他基本为字面意思


  1. The Twelfth Meeting of the APANPIRG ↩︎